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Modeling Coastal Hypoxia: NCCOS Sponsored Research Highlighted in Special Book

Published on: 02/13/2018
Primary Contact(s): alan.lewitus@noaa.gov

A new book highlights NCCOS sponsored hypoxia modeling. It contains original research on numerical simulations of the patterns, controls, and effects of dissolved oxygen dynamics. The book, Modeling Coastal Hypoxia, covers the following:

  • In-depth coverage of coastal hypoxia, a marine science topic with rapidly increasing relevance and global profile;
  • Presents novel mathematical and statistical modeling methods for coastal hypoxia;
  • Synthesizes research and addresses future challenges.

Twelve of 15 chapters feature research by 31 NCCOS sponsored scientists under NGOMEX, CHRP and MERHAB research programs.

Coastal hypoxic zones continue to increase more rapidly since the 1960s, with currently 600-plus documented hypoxic zones in estuarine and coastal waters worldwide. Hypoxia causes lost habitat and the spatial displacement of plankton, large invertebrates, and fish; it often associates with mass mortalities of marine organisms that live on or near the bottom. Besides a widespread environmental problem, coastal hypoxia influenced by riverine inputs attracts socioeconomic and political interest because of its association with agricultural fertilizer activities in the watershed. Scientists expect 1) increased demands to predict ecological responses to hypoxia to quantify the ecological benefits and costs of management actions, and 2) heightened attention to simulated effects of coastal management and climate change in terms of direct relevance to managers and the public. Numerical models can provide the needed information for understanding hypoxia and ensuring effective management, and this book provides a snapshot of representative modeling analyses of coastal hypoxia and its effects.

The editors broadly organize 15 peer-reviewed chapters around three main topics:  1) Modeling of the physical controls on hypoxia, 2) Modeling of biogeochemical controls and feedbacks, and 3) Modeling of the ecological effects of hypoxia. The final chapter is a synthesis chapter that draws generalities from the earlier chapters, highlights strengths and weaknesses of the current state-of-the-art modeling, and offers recommendations on future directions.

Citation: Justic, Dubravko, Kenneth A. Rose, Robert D. Hetland, and Katja Fennel (eds.) 2017. Modeling Coastal Hypoxia: Numerical Simulations of Patterns, Controls and Effects of Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics. Springer International Publishing, AG, Cham, Switzerland. 433 pp.

For more information, contact Alan.Lewitus@noaa.gov.

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